Adverb, Adjective, and Noun Clauses
On the first page of this lesson you saw that dependent clauses play different roles in the sentence. There are three main types of dependent clauses: adverb clauses, adjective clauses, and noun clauses.
Adverb clauses play the role of or replace adverbs. Adverbs, in turn, answer questions such as how (manner, condition, concession), why (purpose, reason), when (time), and where (place).
Example adverb clauses
The audience clapped [when; time]
The audience clapped at the end of the president’s speech. (independent clause and a prepositional phrase)
The audience clapped when the president finished his speech. (Independent clause and adverb clause)
The crowd left [why; reason]
The crowd left due to the storm.
The crowd left because it started to rain.
The crowd left [why; purpose]
The crowd left so they could find shelter from the storm.
He did [how; manner]
He did well.
He did better than we thought he would.
I will move [where] [when].
I will move to New York after I graduate.
I will move wherever I can find a job after I graduate from college.
You should not watch that movie [concession].
You should not watch that movie despite your age. (prepositional phrase)
You should not watch that movie even though you are 13 years old.
You should not watch that movie although your parents allowed you to.
All students pass this course [condition].
All students pass this course if they study hard.
All students pass this course provided that they participate in class.
All students pass this course unless they do not complete all the work.
Continue the Lesson
Continue the lesson to learn about adjective clauses…
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