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Common Irregular Verbs (B-Level) | Infinitive, Past, and Past Participle

This page lists common irregular verbs in English. Irregular verbs are verbs that do not add -d or -ed to the infinitive (or base form) to create the past, the past participle, or both forms.

Verbs are included that have regular and irregular forms. For example, “learn” and “show” have both regular (learned, learned; showed, showed) and irregular (learnt, learnt; showed, showed or shown) past and past participle forms.

A B

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
arise arose arisen
be was, were been
bear bore born
borne
beat beat beat
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast
broadcasted
broadcast
broadcasted
build built built
burn burned
burnt
burned
burnt
buy bought bought

C D E


Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
can could (been able to)
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
clothe clothed
clad
clothed
clad
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
dive dived
dove
dived
dove
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamed
dreamt
dreamed
dreamt
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten

F G H

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
foresee foresaw foreseen
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
get got got
gotten
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt

I J K L

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
input input
inputted
input
inputted
keep kept kept
kneel knelt
kneeled
knelt
kneeled
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leaned
leant
leaned
leant
leap lept
leaped
lept
leaped
learn learned
learnt
learned
learnt
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie (down) lay lain
light lit
lighted
lit
lighted
lose lost lost

M N O P Q

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
make made made
may might
mean meant meant
meet met met
mow mowed mown
must had to
overcome overcame overcome
overtake overtook overtaken
overwrite overwrote overwritten
pay paid paid
preset preset preset
prove proved proved
proven
put put put
quit quit quit

R

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
read read read
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run

S

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
saw sawed sawed
sawn
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewn
sewed
shake shook shaken
shall should
shed shed shed
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
showed
shrink shrank shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang
sung
sung
sink sank
sunk
sunk
sunken
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
smell smelled
smelt
smelled
smelt
sow sowed sown
sowed
speak spoke spoken
speed sped sped
spell spelled
spelt
spelled
spelt
spend spent spent
spill spilled
spilt
spilled
spilt
spin spun spun
spit spat
spit
spat
spit
split split split
spoil spoiled
spoilt
spoiled
spoilt
spread spread spread
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
stink stank stunk
strike struck stricken
swear swore sworn
sweat sweat
sweated
sweat
sweated
sweep swept swept
swim swam swum

T U V W

take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
undergo underwent undergone
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
wet wet
wetted
wet
wetted
will would
win won won
wind wound wound
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
write wrote written