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Basic Irregular Verbs (A-Level) | Infinitive, Past, and Past Participle

This page lists 111 basic irregular verbs in English. Irregular verbs are verbs that do not add -d or -ed to the infinitive (or base form) to create the past, the past participle, or both forms.

B

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
be was, were been
bear bore born
borne
beat beat beat
become became become
begin began begun
bite bit bitten
blow blew blown
break broke broken
bring brought brought
build built built
burn burned
burnt
burned
burnt
buy bought bought

C D

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
can could (been able to)
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
do did done
draw drew drawn
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven

E F G

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
freeze froze frozen
get got got
gotten
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown

H I

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
input input
inputted
input
inputted

K L M

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
keep kept kept
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
learn learned
learnt
learned
learnt
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie (down) lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
may might
mean meant meant
meet met met
must had to

O P Q R

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
overwrite overwrote overwritten
pay paid paid
put put put
quit quit quit
read read read
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run

S

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
shake shook shaken
shall should
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
showed
shut shut shut
sing sang
sung
sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
smell smelled
smelt
smelled
smelt
sow sowed sown
sowed
speak spoke spoken
speed sped sped
spell spelled
spelt
spelled
spelt
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
swim swam swum

T U V W

Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
will would
win won won
wind wound wound
write wrote written