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Modes of Organization
Problem and Solution Mode

Problem and Solution Mode of Organization

The problem-solution mode of organization is a way of presenting information by identifies a problem or issue and then proposing a solution or solutions to the problem. It involves analyzing the problem, identifying potential solutions, and then presenting the most viable solution(s) in a clear and logical manner.


Topics or ideas that call for the problem-and-solution mode of organization include, for example, “how to reduce plastic waste,” “how to prevent bullying,” “how to address the rising cost of healthcare,” or “how to promote reading among teenagers.”

Types of Text Using the Problem and Solution Mode

The problem-solution mode is frequently used in is commonly used in academic writing, research papers, and business reports to address complex problems or issues. It can also be used in everyday communication to propose solutions to problems faced in personal or professional settings.

Journalists often use the problem and solution mode when they report the news.

Transition Words Used in the Problem and Solution Mode

Transitions commonly used in the problem-solution mode include:

  • The problem/difficulty/challenge (is), (is) problematic, causes: These words or expressions signal the problem.
  • The solution/answer/strategy (is), to fix, as a solution, to solve, to eliminate/change this: These words or expressions signal the solution.

Example problem-solution mode of organization

The following paragraph is written using the problem-solution mode of organization:

Large cities around the world are facing increasing traffic congestion. In many cases, traffic jams have become so significant and frequent that they severely affect the quality of life of the city’s residents. One of the most effective solutions is to invest in public transportation systems, such as buses, trains, and subways. By providing residents with affordable and efficient public transportation, people are more likely to leave their cars at home, reducing traffic on the roads. In addition, encouraging carpooling and the use of bicycles can also help reduce traffic congestion. Implementing these solutions not only helps alleviate traffic problems but also reduces air pollution, improves the environment, and enhances the overall quality of life for city residents.

Note. The above paragraph is used for instructional purposes only. Search the topic for accurate information on it.

Note for Readers

When you read, it is important to identify the mode of organization as problem-solution because it focuses your reading and improves comprehension.

Pay close attention to how the writer describes and explains the problem. Are there any aspects of the problem the writer chooses to focus on or to leave out?

Then pay close attention to the solution the writer describes. What exactly is the solution? Does the solution address every aspect of the problem? Does the solution work equally well under different conditions? Does the writer address difficulties, flaws, or downsides in attempting to implement the solution?

Up Next: Persuasion Mode

Continue the lesson to learn about persuasive or argumentative mode of organization.