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Snap Language

Getting Smarter through Language

The Writing Process
(Intermediate, B-Level)

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Enrichment (non-ESL)

Note. This page is part of a course about the writing process. See the table of contents for the complete course.

Stage 2. Writing Paragraphs (Part 1)

So far, you have spent some time thinking about your topics, generating ideas, choosing and narrowing your idea, and creating a thesis statement. You have planned your work well, so you are ready to start writing your paragraphs.


Creating a Topic Statement

In a product with multiple paragraphs, the information included in each paragraph must support the thesis statement. Each paragraph must have a topic statement that clarifies its main point or main idea.

This is easier to understand by looking at the structure of a passage. Figure 3 below shows the first three paragraphs of a multiple-paragraph essay on the topic of “online friendships.”



[Paragraph 1 - Introduction.]

More and more people use personal computers to socialize online. Social websites make it possible to have relationships with people anywhere on Earth. These “friendships” feel real, but are we fooling ourselves? Online friendships are impersonal and, therefore, cannot provide adequate social support.


[Paragraph 2 - body paragraph.]

Online friendships are impersonal because online communication lacks important emotional and language cues. It is impossible to know someone fully unless you can actually have meaningful interactions. In personal social interactions, you can read a person’s expressions and . . . .

[Paragraph 3 - body paragraph.]

Human beings are essentially social animals, and part of socializing includes personal contact. Online “friends” cannot truly provide adequate social support because face-to-face contact is impossible. For example, how would an online friend be able to be there for someone who has just . . . .

Figure 3: Portions of a passage showing the introduction and two body paragraphs and their topic statements.


As you can see in the figure,

  • the thesis statement was introduced at the end of the first paragraph after a short introduction.
  • In the second paragraph, the topic statement started the paragraph.
  • In the third paragraph, the the topic statement was the second sentence after a short introductory statement.

Important Things to Keep in Mind

This is complicated enough to explain in writing. It is much easier to explain and understand in a video, so do not skip the video in Activity 5 on this page.

For now, make sure you understand the following:

  • The thesis statement is a sentence that states the topic and what you will say about it.
  • The thesis statement guides you as the writer; all the paragraphs in the passage must support your thesis.
  • Topic statements are much like thesis statements. However, the thesis statement tells the reader what the passage is about, but the topic statement tells the reader what the paragraph is about.
  • The topic statement guides you as you write each paragraph; all the information in the paragraph must support the topic statement.
  • The details in the paragraph support the topic statement (that is, the main idea of the paragraph)... the paragraphs support the thesis (that is, the cental idea of the whole passage).

Video Activity 5

Watch a video to learn about writing paragraphs around a thesis statement and topic statements. Take good study notes.

Important note. In addition to discussing topic statements, this video goes into actually writing paragraphs. For now, focus on thesis statements and topic statements. You will review the information on writing paragraphs in the next portion of this course.

Video Activity 6

Watch a video to learn about main ideas in paragraphs. Take good study notes.

Video Activity 7

Watch a video to learn about supporting details in paragraphs. Take good notes.

Note. Although the focus of this video is on reading paragraphs, you will also learn a lot about how writers write paragraphs.

Continue the Lesson

Continue the lesson to learn more...