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Getting Smarter through Language

Lesson 12. Verbs and Prepositions (Basic, A Level):
accept, change, dream, guide, link, pay

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Note. This lesson has examples using the present and past tenses.

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• accept, accept from

When someone invites you to a party, you can accept the invitation.

If someone gives you something, you can accept it from that person.

Examples: accept

  • John offered to pay me for tutoring him, but I didn’t accept.
  • I’d like to accept your offer, but we need to discuss payment terms.
  • Things went wrong with Mary’s plans, but she accepted what happened and moved on with her life.

Examples: accept / accept from

  • Professor Ecks does not accept late work from his students.
  • She accepted the invitation from her coworker to join the project.
  • The teacher accepted a thankyou gift from his students.

• change, change into

Things change when they are not the same anymore. You can also change things so they are not the same. For example, you can change your clothes when you get home, you change planes at an airport, or you can change your opinion.

Sometimes things change into something else. For example, water changes into ice ice at 0°C; and rain can change into a big storm.

Examples: change

  • You need to change your study habits, or else you will not pass the course.
  • My opinion about this is changing as I get older.
  • Who changed your opinion?

Examples: change into

  • The gentle snowfall quickly changed into a terrible snowstorm.
  • The sweet little boy changed into an unfriendly teenager.
  • With enough heat, glass changes into a liquid.

• dream, dream about, dream of

When you sleep, you dream.

People do not always remember what they dream about.

When you think about the future, you say you are dreaming of something. For example, you dream of becoming rich and famous.

Note. You dream about something when you sleep, but you dream of something when you have thoughts about the future. However, people do not always make this difference in everyday language.

Examples: dream / dream about

  • The dog is kicking. He’s probably dreaming.
  • The dog must be dreaming about chasing a cat.
  • I dreamed about you last night!

Examples: dream of

  • When I was a child, I dreamed of becoming an astronaut one day.
  • My parents dream of moving to Florida when they retire.
  • Rose is dreaming of her trip to Paris.

• guide, guide through

To guide someone means to show them the way. To guide someone can also mean to help that person.

If something is difficult or complicated for someone to understand, you can guide them through it. For example, a teacher guides his students through a difficult math problem.

Examples: guide

  • Today I’m guiding the new employees around the building.
  • If you get lost, this app will guide you there.
  • A tour guide will guide us through the busy city.

Examples: guide through

  • Parents guide their children through life.
  • I don’t understand these instructions. Can you guide me through them?
  • In this book, the author guides the readers through the solution that he proposes.

• link, link to

When you put two things together so that there is a connection between them, you link them together. For example, you can link your smartphone to the stereo in your car.

When you link A and B together, you link A to B.

Examples: link to

  • Hard work is directly linked to success.
  • I want to link my blog to my website.
  • For a long time, medical researchers have linked stress to various health problems.

• pay, pay for

When you buy something, you must pay someone.

You pay people for things such as products and services.

Examples: pay

  • — Should I pay you?
    — No. Please pay the cashier on your way out.

Examples: pay for

  • How much did you pay for that laptop?
  • You’ve paid for dinner the last time. It’s my turn now.
  • John paid me for tutoring him.

Assess Your Learning

Practice 1. Fill in the blanks using the correct prepositions after the verbs in this lesson.

Practice 2. Complete sentences using the verbs and prepositions in this lesson.

Congratulations on completing this lesson!

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