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Possessive Determiners | (A-Level, Basic)

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Prerequisites: For this lesson, you should know

Possessive Determiner: Ownership

We have or own things and animals. To show who has or owns something, we use a possessive determiner before thing or animal.

Examples: Singular possessive determiners showing ownership

— Is this John’s shirt?
— No, it’s his T-shirt.

I live here. This is my house.

Is this your book?

Is that John’s car or Mary’s car?
— It’s her car.


Examples: Plural possessive determiners showing ownership

— Are these John’s and Mary’s shirts?
— No, these are their T-shirts.

— Is this John’s book?
— No, it’s your book!

We live here. This is our house.


Possessive Determiner: Relationship or Association

When you say, “I have a friend,” it does not mean you own that friend. You are saying there is a relationship between you and that person. You use possessive determiners to show the same relationship.

Possessive determiners also show an association between persons and things. When you say, “My name is Mark,” you do not “own” that name. That is the name associated with you.

Examples: Possessive determiners showing a relationship

This is my wife, Susan.

My friend John has two brothers. Those are his brothers.

— Does Mary have a sister?
— Yes, I’m her sister.

— Is your English teacher from Chicago?
— No, our teacher is from Los Angeles.

These are John’s parents, and this is their son Albert.

What is this dog doing here? Where are its owners?


Examples: Possessive determiners showing an association

My hair is brown

Is your name Marc?

I love listening to Beyoncé. Her voice is beautiful.

Look at these shirts. I like their colors.

This house is new, but its windows are already broken.


Summary: Subject Pronouns – Possessive Determiners

Person Singular Plural
First I – my we – our
Second you – your you – your
Third he – his
she – her
it – its
they – their


Practice 1. Fill in the blanks using a possessive determiner.

Practice 2. Fill in the blanks using a possessive determiner.

Practice 3. Write sentences using possessive determiners.

Congratulations on completing this lesson!

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