Intermediate Reading Course. Section 1: The Basics
Figuring Out the Meaning of Words While Reading
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This exercise is based on this lesson about words with multiple meanings. match the word meaning with the sentence where it is used with that meaning.
See the example below:
- ”Dwarf planet” is the scientific terms used to describe celestial bodies such as Pluto.
- The president served a single term before he was impeached.
- a fixed period of time during which someone holds a political office
- a word or phrase used to describe a particular thing
Answer: A–2 B–1
(Sentence A uses Meaning 2. Sentence B uses Meaning 1.)
When you are finished, click “Answer” to check your answer.
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Word 1: mass
- The mass of protesters in the streets grew larger and larger.
- Mars is only 11% of the Earth’s mass.
- a large number or quantity of something
- the quantity of matter in an object
Word 2: ripe
- Bananas do not taste very good unless they are ripe.
- The company’s plan is ripe for implementation.
- ready for a particular action
- fully developed and ready to be picked and eaten
Word 3: clap
- When the senator finished his impassioned speech, the crowd began to clap
- He had to clap> his hand over his mouth to stop himself from laughing out loud during class.
- strike the palms of your hands together as a sign of approval or appreciation
- put something in place with a quick motion
Word 4: bleak
- After the storm, the bleak landscape was covered in snow and ice.
- Due to the recession, the company’s financial future is bleak.
- cold, hard, lifeless
Word 5: fortune
- He made his fortune selling car parts.
- It was fortune that brought them together when they most needed each other.
- chance or luck
- a large amount of money
Word 6: desolate
- The dust storm blew through the desolate town.
- From the desolate look on his face, I knew something had gone terribly wrong.
- deserted, isolated
- unhappy, alone, and hopeless
Word 7: nasty
- After a sunny morning, the weather turned nasty quickly in the afternoon.
- His nasty comments made everyone feel very uneasy.
- unpleasant, offensive, or unkind
- unpleasant and dangerous
Word 8: model
- The architect used a model so her client could have a better idea what the building would look like when finished.
- She was a role model for many young women in her community.
- an ideal or example for others to look up to
- a representation of something, often used to test a design
Word 9: smother
- The smoke from the fire began to smother the room.
- The overbearing mother smothered her children, so they never learned how to make their own decisions.
- take away one’s freedom or independence by being overly protective or controlling
- deprive of air or oxygen (thus making it difficult to breathe)
Word 10: critical
- The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a critical moment in American history.
- The instructor was very critical of his students’ written work, pointing out all logical and grammatical errors.
- involving an analysis or evaluation
- essential or of decisive importance
Word 11: transparent
- The glass windows were completely transparent so we could see everything going on in the office.
- To prevent any suspicion of corruption, the company’s financial records were made transparent to the public.
- open and honest; without hidden motives or intentions
- allowing light to pass through completely
Word 12: substantial
- The company’s substantial profits allowed them to expand their operations.
- She made a substantial contribution to the charity, which helped them fund their programs for two years.
- large in size , amount, or extent
- significant, meaningful, or valuable
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