Interpreting What You Read | Part 1
Reading is more than understanding words and paragraphs. You must be able to
interpret exactly what the author means. For example, let’s say you have just
done something that upset or irritated me, and I say, “That's great... thank you very much!”
you must interpret what I am saying beyond just understanding the words. There is a
“hidden” message in what I am saying. I have chosen the words that were wrong for the situation
not by accident but to create an effect.
Writers often choose ways of communicating their messages that you must interpret. If you
miss out on certain cues while reading, you cannot say you fully understood the content.
In this portion of the course, you will learn two important tools readers should use to better understand
what they read:
- Identifying transition words and phrases to understand the relationship between ideas.
- Identifying and interpreting figures of speech to understand the writer’s intented meaning.
Transition Words and Phrases
Transition words help writers connect ideas between sentences and paragraphs.
When you read, transitions help you understand not only the ideas themselves
but also the relationship between them.
Figures of Speech
Figures of speech are everywhere in reading, writing, listening, and speaking.
It is important to know the difference between figurative and literal language
so that you can interpret a speaker or writer's intended message rather than
what the words actually mean.
Watch a video on YouTube to learn about schemes and
tropes. Take good study notes.
This video is quite detailed. It extends Part 1 with more in-depth explanations
and examples of different categories of figures of speech and rhetorical devices
(i.e., tropes and schemes):
- Tropes: simile, metaphor, synecdoche, metonymy, personification, euphemism,
dysphemism, zeugma, onomatopoeia, anthimeria, periphrasis, hyperbole, litote,
aporia, erotema, epiplexis, and oxymoron.
- Schemes: antithesis, climax, anastrophe, parenthesis, ellipsis, alliteration, assonance, anaphora
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