Dealing with Vocabulary in Reading
Vocabulary is important in reading because unknown words may affect reading
fluency and reading comprehension. You will always run into new words while reading,
but there are ways you can figure out or guess the meaning of a word using context clues
(e.g., synonyms or comparisons, antonyms or contrasts, definitions and explanations,
the general sense of the sentence, paragraph, or passage).
If you are reading for content,
it is best not to worry about vocabulary words you do not know because you want to focus
on the content. (You can always look words up after you finish reading.)
If you are not reading for content, develop good habits and study skills that promote vocabulary
learning and improvement. Using a dictionary correctly to support reading comprehension is also crucial.
Importance of Vocabulary in Reading
Vocabulary is very important in reading because writers use words that express
their ideas clearly. If you do not know the words the writer has used in a passage,
you will probably have difficulties understanding it.
Activity 2: Watch a video to learn about vocabulary-learning habits
so you can continue improving your vocabulary. Take good notes.
Using Context Clues to Guess Unkown Words
It helps to read a lot so you come across a lot of vocabulary as often as possible.
Nonetheless, it takes a long time and a lot of experience with the language to acquire good vocabulary.
Even avid readers who know a large number of words are likely to run into new words often.
Then, what do you do when you are reading and run into words you do not know? Looking words up
slows your reading and takes the focus away from understanding the passage. However,
you can do a few things that will allow you to understand those unknown words.
Activity 3: Watch a video to learn about using synonyms and antonyms in the
paragraph or passage to figure out the meaning of unknown words during reading. Take good notes.
Activity 4: Watch a video to learn about using other context clues in the
paragraph or passage to guess the meaning of unknown words. Take good notes.
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